Year 2 Mathematics

Mathematics is an important subject that helps us to understand and change the world. We want all children to develop their natural curiosity and enhance their resilience, so they become ‘deep thinkers’.

We foster positive attitudes to learning as we believe all children can achieve in mathematics. Engaging lessons teach for secure and deep understanding of mathematical concepts through manageable steps. We use mistakes and misconceptions as an essential part of learning and provide challenge through a range of reasoning problems.

We intend for all pupils to:

  • Become fluent in the fundamentals of mathematics so that they develop conceptual understanding and the ability to recall and apply knowledge rapidly and accurately;
  • Be able to solve problems by applying their mathematics to a variety of problems with increasing sophistication, including in unfamiliar contexts and to model real-life scenarios;
  • Reason mathematically by following a line of enquiry and develop and present a justification, argument or proof using mathematical language;
  • Have an appreciation of number and number operations, which enables mental calculations and written procedures to be performed efficiently fluently and accurately to be successful in mathematics.


Ma2/2.1    Number & Place Value

  • Count in steps of 2, 3, and 5 from 0, and in 10s from any number, forward and backward. 
  • Recognise the place value of each digit in a two-digit number (10s, 1s). 
  • Identify, represent and estimate numbers using different representations, including the number line. 
  • Compare and order numbers from 0 up to 100; use <, > and = signs. 
  • Read and write numbers to at least 100 in numerals and in words. 
  • Use place value and number facts to solve problems. 

Ma2/2.2    Addition & Subtraction

  • Solve problems with addition and subtraction:
    • Using concrete objects and pictorial representations, including those involving numbers, quantities and measures.
    • Applying their increasing knowledge of mental and written methods.
  • Recall and use addition and subtraction facts to 20 fluently, and derive and use related facts up to 100.
  • Add and subtract numbers using concrete objects, pictorial representations, and mentally, including:
    • a two-digit number and 1s
    • a two-digit number and 10s
    • 2 two-digit numbers
    • adding 3 one-digit numbers
  • Show that addition of 2 numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and subtraction of one number from another cannot recognise and use the inverse relationship between addition and subtraction and use this to check calculations and solve missing number problems.

Ma2/2.3    Multiplication & Division

  • Recall and use multiplication and division facts for the 2, 5 and 10 multiplication tables, including recognising odd and even numbers.
  • Calculate mathematical statements for multiplication and division within the multiplication tables and write them using the multiplication (×), division (÷) and equals (=) signs.
  • Show that multiplication of 2 numbers can be done in any order (commutative) and division of 1 number by another cannot.
  • Solve problems involving multiplication and division, using materials, arrays, repeated addition, mental methods, and multiplication and division facts, including problems in contexts.

Ma2/2.4    Fractions 

  • Recognise, find, name and write fractions 1/3, 1/4, 2/4 and 3/4 of a length, shape, set of objects or quantity.
  • Write simple fractions, for example 1/2 of 6 = 3 and recognise the equivalence of 2/4 and 1/2.

Ma2/3.1    Measurement

  • Choose and use appropriate standard units to estimate and measure length/height in any direction (m/cm); mass (kg/g); temperature (°C); capacity (litres/ml) to the nearest appropriate unit, using rulers, scales, thermometers and measuring vessels.
  • Compare and order lengths, mass, volume/capacity and record the results using >, < and =
  • Recognise and use symbols for pounds (£) and pence (p); combine amounts to make a particular value.
  • Find different combinations of coins that equal the same amounts of money
  • Solve simple problems in a practical context involving addition and subtraction of money of the same unit, including giving change.
  • Compare and sequence intervals of time.
  • Tell and write the time to five minutes, including quarter past/to the hour and draw the hands on a clock face to show these times.
  • Know the number of minutes in an hour and the number of hours in a day.

Ma2/3.2    Properties of Shapes

  • Identify and describe the properties of 2-D shapes, including the number of sides and line symmetry in a vertical line.
  • Identify and describe the properties of 3-D shapes, including the number of edges, vertices and faces.
  • Identify 2-D shapes on the surface of 3-D shapes.
  • Compare and sort common 2-D and 3-D shapes and everyday objects.

Ma2/3.3    Position & Direction

  • Order and arrange combinations of mathematical objects in patterns and sequences.
  • Use mathematical vocabulary to describe position, direction and movement including movement in a straight line and distinguishing between rotation as a turn and in terms of right angles for quarter, half and three-quarter turns (clockwise and anti-clockwise).

Ma2/4.1    Statistics

  • Interpret and construct simple pictograms, tally charts, block diagrams and tables.
  • Ask and answer simple questions by counting the number of objects in each category and sorting the categories by quantity.
  • Ask and answer questions about totalling and comparing categorical data.