# Year 1 Numeracy • recognise the number names to 20, say them clearly and read and write them
• count forwards or backwards, from any number in a sequence 0 to 20
• know that numbers larger than 9 are formed by combining more than one digit and that the ‘teens’ numbers start with the digit 1
• see and use the patterns in numbers to 20
• understand that, as you count on the number becomes larger, and becomes smaller when counting back

Ordering and comparing numbers – primary resources ## Counting

• use strategies, such as placing objects in a line, to help them count accurately and to compare the numbers of objects in small groups of objects
• represent groups of objects using equipment, fingers, drawing, marks and numerals
• demonstrate understanding of one-to-one correspondence, to make an accurate comparison when matching objects in two sets
• use counting to compare the number of items in two small sets, identifying the two totals and saying which is the larger and which the smaller of the two totals

counting resources – primary resources

• Become familiar with, understand and use vocabulary such as: add, plus, sum, total, increase, on, equals, more than
• Associate addition with counting on and combining groups of objects into one group
• Use a range of practical equipment, fingers, cards, grids, number tracks and number lines to support addition
• Recognise and use appropriate notation in addition number sentences, accurately interpreting the symbols + and =
• Begin to draw on known addition facts to work out a calculation

## Subtraction

• Become familiar with, understand and use vocabulary such as: take away, decrease, back, subtract, equals, less than
• Associate subtraction with taking away objects, counting those remaining and counting back
• Use a range of practical equipment, fingers, cards, grids, number tracks and number lines to support subtraction
• Recognise and use appropriate notation in subtraction number sentences, accurately interpreting the symbols – and =
• Begin to draw on known subtraction facts to work out a calculation

subtraction resources – ICT games

addition and subtraction resources – primary resources

## Number Facts

• Derive addition and subtraction facts in context and begin to learn by heart key facts, such as pairs that total 10, by recognising the pattern in the pairs – 1, 9; 2, 8; 3, 7…
• Become familiar with language such as: altogether, more than, fewer than, less, add, in total, sum of, take away, subtract, left, how many?
• Talk about how they have solved a problem
• Decide how to represent a problem in their own way
• Use the symbols +, – and = to write simple number sentences to represent problems
• Appreciate that addition can be used to solve problems involving combining groups or counting on
• Appreciate that subtraction can be used to solve problems involving removing objects from a group or counting back

number facts – ICT games ## Shape

• sort shapes
• name and describe features of 2-D shapes, including square, rectangle, triangle, circle
• name and describe features of 3-D shapes, including cube, sphere, cylinder, pyramid and cone
• use everyday shape language to describe simple patterns and shapes in the environment
• understand, follow and use positional vocabulary such as: position, grid, outside, inside, beside, next to, front, back, between, centre, underneath, above, on top of, below, halfway, near, far
• understand, follow and use directional language such as: direction, forwards, backwards, sideways, whole turn, half turn, quarter turn, right, left 